Germany is currently the 8th largest producer of wine in the world, sitting behind the greats, such as France, Italy and the USA. Approximately 65% of German wines are white, the remainder reds, with Germany being the third largest producer of Pinot Noir worldwide.
Germany is most well known for its Reisling, a grape variety which does very well in the cooler climate. With regards to reds, the Spatburgunder, also known as Pinot Noir in other parts of the world, is making some fantastic wine, Dornfelder is another variety doing very well.
Germany has 13 wine regions, although you have probably only heard about one, Mosel, which is home to some of the worlds steepest vineyards and runs alongside each bank of the Moselle River, which is known for slate-laden soil and the fact that it basks in the sun for months on end. As a result, this means the grapes contain higher levels of sugar. The sweetness of these grapes is balanced with acidity and minerals, which results in the beautifully crisp taste of Mosel Resiling.
The Ahr valley is one of Germanys northernmost and smallest wine regions, its an area surrounded on all sides by steep vineyard covered mountains, some reaching as high as 2,000 meters, the climate here is mostly mild and favorable. Four out of five bottles of Ahr wine are red and are dominated by Spatburgunder, Fruhburgunder and Portugieser. Similarly to Mosel, the most common white wine produced in the Ahr Valley is Riesling.
Pfalz is one of the warmest wine growing regions, it benefits from almost perfect weather conditions for viticulture. The summers here are dry but not too warm and the winters tend to be mild. It is also the second largest German wine region, the largest being Rheinhessen, which Pfalz borders to the north.